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“ there be ”结构讲与练

“there be” 结构在英语中表示某处有某物。there 之后除了可以用is, was, are, were外,还可以用其他含有be的各种谓语表现形式。这种结构在英语中应用非常广泛。现将其用法归纳总结如下:

一、“there be” 之后如有一系列事物,be 应与靠 近的一个名词保持数的一致

例There is a book, two pens and some pictures on the table.

There are dozens of students and a teacher in the classroom.

二、“there be"结构中的谓语动词可以是“be going to ( seem to , happen to , used to , be likely to …) ”+ 动词原形

例There happened to be a car nearby.

There is likely to be a meeting at 5.

三、“there be”结构中还可以用be以外的不及物动词,如 live , exist , stand , lie , remain , go, come 等

例There stands a tall tree on the top of the mountain.

There lies a small river between the two hills.

四、 “There be”结构中的谓语动词有时可用被动形式

例There was said to be troops on the frontiers .

There was said to be a number of the wounded on both sides.

五、“ there be” 结构的非限定形式there to be,there being, 它们可作主语,宾语或状语

1. 作主语

“there being” 可起名词作用, 直接位于句首作主语; there to be + 名词词组作主语, 通常用for 引导。(剩余3156字)

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